Sunday, September 21, 2014

Word for the Day Sep 21, 2014: Spontaneous (A very dangerous adjective)

Photo of a keystone
Word for the Day Sep 21, 2014: Spontaneous (A very dangerous adjective)

Spontaneous comes from Latin and is rooted in the Indo-European appendix with a specific agent listed in the American Heritage Dictionary © published in the 3rd edition.

spontaneous adj. 1. Happening or arising without apparent external cause; self generated. 2. Arising from a natural inclination or impulse and not from external excitement or constraint. 3. Unconstrained and unstudied in manner or behavior. 4. Growing without cultivation or human labor; indigenous. [From Late Latin spontaneus, of one's own accord, from Latin sponte. See (s)pen-.

Synonyms: spontaneous, impulsive, instinctive, involuntary, automatic
Alpha adjacents: sponsor, spontoon

Indo-European Agent

51. 40-antependeium-append-avoirdupois-compendium-compensate-depend-dispense-equiponderate-expend-geoponic-impend-lithopone-painter-penchant-pendant-pendentive-pendulous-penia-pension-pensile-pensive-perpend-perpendicular-peso-poise-ponder-ponderous-pound-prepense-propend-preponderate-propend-span-spangle-spanner-spider-spin-spontaneous-suspend-vilipend-et-(s)pen- To draw, stretch, spin [Pokorny (s)pen-(d)- 988, keystone]

Note: Roots with the (s) in parenthesis signify a group of 9 roots that carry an influence specifically to the concept of (spin).

Compare to the adjective "mean2," between the verb "mean1," and the noun "mean3," which may help you spot trouble in the conception of the adjective. Synonymous to mean2 are both ignoble and sordid. Ignoble means lacking those qualities, such as elevated moral character that give human beings distinction of mind and soul. Sordid suggests foul, repulsive degradation.

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